LAMP Stack

Kurian’s LAMP stack has the latest version of Apache, MariaDB and PHP pre-installed on the target Linux platform that is updated with OS and security patches. The MariaDB is secured and a PHP application can readily be deployed on a node that’s spun up from this AMI.

The version of Kurian’s LAMP Stack AMI is tied to the major version of PHP used in the stack.

Features

  • Latest versions of Apache, MariaDB and PHP.
  • Latest, stable release with OS patches.
  • Secured MariaDB installation.

How it works

The LAMP Stack is pre-configured with Apache, MariaDB and PHP. If the web application requires database support those objects need to be created and data be populated.

Supported platforms

Click on the links below to take you to Amazon Marketplace for spinning up EC2 nodes.

Configuration

  • mysql_secure_installation has been run on MariaDB and the root access is password authenticated, and it can be accessed only locally. For accessing database from remote hosts set up non-root users.
  • SSH into the EC2 instance running the database as user specific to the operating system. See Remote Access to EC2 Node below to see the users listed.
  • Connect to the database as root using instance id as the password. If that password doesn’t work use dummypass. Change password if needed.

Application installation

The html or PHP applications can be deployed by copying that to the document root and setting the correct permissions. Those settings are operating system dependent as documented below:

Document Root

Default document root

  • Amazon Linux: /var/www
  • Debian: /var/www
  • Ubuntu: /var/www
  • CentOS: /var/www
  • Fedora: /var/www
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux: /var/www
  • SUSE distributions: /srv/www

If you like to use a different location for document root, that must be updated in the Apache configuration file and its location depends on the Linux distribution as follows.

Apache config file

  • Amazon Linux: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  • Debian: /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf
  • Ubuntu: /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf
  • CentOS: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  • Fedora: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  • SUSE distributions: /etc/apache2/default-server.conf

OS owner

  • Amazon Linux: apache
  • Debian: www-data
  • Ubuntu: www-data
  • CentOS: apache
  • Fedora: apache
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux: apache
  • SUSE distributions: wwwrun

OS group

  • Amazon Linux: www
  • Debian: www-data
  • Ubuntu: www-data
  • CentOS: www
  • Fedora: www
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux: www
  • SUSE distributions: www

The permissions on the files copied to the document root can be set as in the following example:

$ chown -R apache:www /var/www

Make sure you use the correct OS owner and group and document root location for the target Linux distribution.

Upgrade

The individual components can be upgraded manually on the instance. However, it can break the working of LAMP stack as there are version dependencies that are tested only at the time of generating the AMI.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Kurian can help with configuring and deploying applications that meet for your specific needs. Contact us with details to contact@kurianinc.us

Remote Access to EC2 Node

Use the following AWS defined user to SSH into a newly spun up EC2 node:

  • Amazon Linux: ec2-user
  • Red Hat Linux: ec2-user
  • SuSE Linux: ec2-user
  • Fedora: fedora
  • CentOS: centos
  • Debian Linux: admin
  • Ubuntu: ubuntu

Unsupported configurations

Kurian releases latest, stable versions of open source software on popular Linux distributions. If you need a configuration that is not currently available in marketplace, send us your requirements to contact@kurianinc.us. Please include the following info in the email:

  • Name of Software to be on the AMI with version numbers.
  • Linux distribution and the version.
  • The EC2 instance type you plan to spin up from the AMI (optional).